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Parts of the katana

The parts of a katana begin from the tip, with the Kojiri and continue with the saya, kurikata, sageo, seppa, koiguchi, tsuba, mekugi, fuchi, tsuka, ito, kashira … The origin of the Japanese katana goes back to the X-XII centuries.

Katana Bushido - Parts of the katana

For its curved line and having a single edge, the katana is considered a cutting weapon. The katanas distinctive curvature is due in part to the differential during the heating treatment to which it is subjected.

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  • Hamon: it is the differential line in the hardening of the sheet; the Notare´s wavy style for example;
  • Hi: longitudinal groove on the sheet to lighten the workpiece. Another function is to absorb and distribute shock stress, preventing damage or twisting of the blade;
  • Iori-Muné: nerve tipe of the sheet without recess;
  • Kissaki: the tip;
  • Mei: smith’s signature, usually in the Nakago;
  • Mekugis: pins that hold the Tsuka (handle) to Nakago (tongue), used to be bamboo wood;
  • Mekugi-Ana: holes for the pins.
  • Menuki: decorative metal applications on the sides of the handle;
  • Moto-Haba: sheet width;
  • Moto-Kasane: sheet thickness in the Habaki;
  • Mune: back;
  • Nagasa: lenght;
  • Nakago: tang, part of the sheet entering the handle;
  • Niké: nerve recess;
  • Saki-Haba: width of the sheet at the beginning of Kissaki;
  • Samé: Tsuka liner. It used to be shark or ray skin to prevent slipping of the Tsuka-Ito;
  • Sori: curvature;
  • Sugata: sheet type;
  • Tsuba: guard, buckler. It used to be decorated with natural motifs;
  • Tsuka: handle;
  • Tsuka-Ito: stringing of the handle;
  • Yokote: line between the tip and the rest of the sheet.
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